In this area, we take the
Ohio area back to before there were people here. It includes
information about how the land became what it is. There were
a number of glacier eras that affected the landscape. Before
that a great sea covered the land.
Some of the information in
this section came from the Hicksville Historical Society
taken out of a
1975 Hicksville Centennial project researched and written by
two Defiance College Sophomores as a history project. Thanks to Jim Battershell, Jr. and
Leesa Kemerer for all their hard work and interest in the history of
Hicksville and to the many others who helped them with their research
and to The Hicksville News Tribune staff for publishing it so we
can all have access to our early years in this area.
Part One of this section talks about the
original inhabitants, the Indians. It takes the story up through the
white man moving to the area including the French & British
influences before, during and after the Revolutionary War.
This section will go up to when Ohio became a state in 1803.
Be sure to take a
look at the other two sections of this Ohio history. The
next section Two covers more recent
history. Ohio becoming a state and joining the Union. The
War of 1812. The Civil War up
to the recent times. You will find in these sections information about
many people who left an impact on this area, Hicksville and the United
The third section has
information more specific to the Hicksville Ohio area.
- What was it like before man
came to Ohio. What happened to make NW Ohio so flat? Why was the
land so rich for farming?
- The first men
were native Americans. They dominated the landscape for many
years. The French came to the area looking for fur trade. The
English came looking for land.
The Great Black Swamp
- after the glaciers
left, a huge area of swampy land was left behind. When
the white man came to NW Ohio he found a place not fit
for man or beast, the Great Black Swamp.
Indian War - The
French, British, Indians and Colonists all wanted
control of the Ohio Territory. The conflict went on for
over 75 years till it ended in the colonies. Click
Heard 'Round the World
- George Washington may
have fired the first shot of the French & Indian Wars
The Beaver Wars
- The demand for beaver pelts was huge in the mid 1600's. The English in
the colonies traded for as many pelts as the Iroquois
could find. This caused the Iroquois to move west
towards the Great Lakes and Ohio Territory looking for
more beaver & deer.
French & Indian War
in the colonies. The conflict came to an end, sort of,
in the colonies.
The Writs of Assistance
the English Parliament issued a blanket
search warrant to catch the smugglers. The first of the
The Sugar Act - Trying
to raise money to pay off the debt from the French &
Indian War, England passed a law to tax molasses, sugar
and rum. The next bad law to the colonists.
The Stamp Act - the
English Parliament in trying to raise more cash for the
debt passed this law requiring the colonists to use
paper with a watermark. The next bad law.
The colonist considered themselves English subjects of
the Crown. But England was making it difficult to remain