W H Harrison
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William Henry Harrison

Born: Feb 9, 1773  Berkeley, Virginia
Died: April 4, 1841  Washington D.C.

Married: Anna Symmes
Occupation: US Army Officer
Political Party: Whigs

Height: 5' 8"
VP: John Tyler

US Population 1841: 17.089.453
Stars in the Flag 1841: 26
Stars added: none



9th President 1841

William Henry Harrison, the only president who studied to be a doctor, served the shortest Presidency. He died of pneumonia one month after delivering his 105 minute outdoor inaugural speech without wearing an overcoat or hat.

Harrison  studied classics and history at Hampton-Sydney College and medicine at Richmond. In 1791, he switched interests and obtained a commission in the First Infantry of the Regular Army and headed  to the Northwest Territory.

In his campaign against the Indians, Harrison  served as an aide-de-camp to General "Mad Anthony" Wayne at the Battle of Fallen Timbers, which opened most of the Ohio area for settlement. He also also
fought in the War of 1812.

After resigning from the Army in 178, he became Secretary to the Northwest Territory, was its first delegate to Congress, and helped obtain legislation dividing the Territory into the Northwest and Indiana Territories. In 1801, he became Governor of the Indiana Territory serving twelve years.

His prime task as Governor was to obtain title to Indian lands so settlers could press further into the wilderness. When the Indians retaliated, Harrison was responsible for defending the settlements.

The thrust against the settlers became serious in 1809. An eloquent and energetic Chieftain Tecumseh, with his religious Chieftain brother, the Prophet, began to strengthen an Indian Confederation to prevent further encroachment. In 1811, Harrison received permission to attack the Confederacy.

While Tecumseh was away seeking more allies, Harrison led about 1000 men toward the Prophet's town. Suddenly, before dawn, the Indians attacked the camp on Tippecanoe River. After heavy fighting,  Harrison repulsed them but suffered 190 dead and wounded.

The Battle of Tippecanoe disrupted Tecumseh's Confederacy, but failed to diminish Indian raids. By the Spring of 1812, Harrison was given command of the Army in the Northwest and the rank of Brigadier General. At the Battle of Thames, north of Lake Erie, on October 5, 1813, he defeated the combined British and Indian forces, and killed Tecumseh. The Indians scattered, never again to offer serious resistance in what was then called the Northwest.

In 1840, the Whigs nominated Harrison for President. Before he had been in office for a month, he caught a cold that developed into pneumonia. He died  April 4, 1841.


 

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